Sure, it's been a bad year for investors, with the S&P posting the smallest of gains in the first half (all of which thanks to tech stocks) after several hair-raising, monthly incidents including February's vol-spike, April's real yield scare, May's Emerging Market massacre and June's trade war fears as shown in the following Citi chart...
... but it's hardly been apocalyptic: in fact, most of the shocks that took place were well telegraphed to those who paid attention. And yet, according to Credit Suisse, after the first six months of the year investors are in a state of near shock.
According to Credit Suisse economist James Sweeney, "our Global Risk Appetite Index is near panic" and adds that "our equity-only (relative performance across EM and DM countries) and credit-only (relative performance of US IG sector/rating/maturity buckets) versions are already there."
What is causing paralysis? According to the second largest Swiss bank, the investor "panic" can be attributed to:
Trade disputes, the Italian budget, Fed tightening, and emerging market turbulence are contending to be the main driver of this risk appetite slump. However, growth concerns have featured too, as European data in particular have disappointed. Meanwhile, many investors claim that widening credit spreads and a flattening yield curve portend the cycle’s end.
To Sweeney, who focuses mostly on economic developments, "there is a significant chance that our global risk appetite index falls below -3 in the coming months, which we define as “panic”.
Panics have historically coincided with periods of weak IP momentum. Since 1990, there are only two examples of global IP momentum growing faster than its current rate when risk appetite entered panic: July 2002 and August 2011. In 2002, IP momentum weakened almost immediately. In 2011, an IP slump did not occur until 12 months later, when risk appetite had recovered."
Indeed, as the chart below shows, IP is nowhere near "panic" territory, suggesting that there is something well beyond economic sentiment to spook investors and traders.
And yet, one specific region poses significant risk to the future global economy: Europe. According to Sweeney, "at the end of last year European business surveys hit multidecade highs and IP momentum reached 7%. Such growth was unsustainable but the abruptness of the slowdown has been extreme."
That's putting it mildly, because after Europe’s cliff-like divergence in Q1 when the Citi eco surprise index plunged to near record low, "broad signs of a Q2 rebound did not emerge, contrary to our expectations. Whether we should “give up” on European growth is a central question now, which we try to answer by addressing what went wrong in the first place."
Sweeney's take: "for global growth to stay strong in the second half of 2018, European growth must improve."
Which in a time of escalating protectionism and trade war for the export...